Round table: “Impact of the climate change on the beekeeping sector”

Rural Development Network of the Republic of Macedonia

USAID Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture project

Round table: “Impact of the climate change on the beekeeping sector”

December 6th, 2016

On December 6th, 2016 the USAID Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture project implemented by the Rural Development Network of the Republic of Macedonia, organized the Round table: “Impact of the climate change on the beekeeping sector”. The event was initiated by the Union of beekeepers` associations of the Republic of Macedonia.

Around fifty beekeepers from the whole country participated on the event which aimed ат discussion of the current situation related to beekeeping sector in the Republic of Macedonia, as a result of the climate changes.

Ms. Ana Damovska, Project Leader provided the participants with information about the project, its aims and major activities, as well as the activities of the Rural Development Network of the Republic of Macedonia.

Mr. Mende Trajkovski, President of the Union of beekeepers` associations of the Republic of Macedonia presented the need for organization of such kind of discussions, as well as the objectives of the event.

Conceptually, the event consisted of two parts:

  • Presentations on the impact of climate change on agriculture with special emphasis on beekeeping, the impact of climate change on the availability of food for bees and occurrence of bee diseases and
  • Discussion with the presentation of experiences of beekeepers and conclusions and recommendations.

Ms. Irena Dzimrevska, PhD, emphasized that the climate changes directly affect the honeybees, particularly the biology and physiology of bees, such as their behavior, reproduction, life cycle. Indirect impacts of the climate changes include: disruption of the natural environment where apiaries are located, availability of pasture and water, the occurrence of bee diseases, negative effects of the substances for plant protection, as well as invasion and competition between new ecotypes, races and unfamiliar sub- species.

Prof. Hrisula Kiprijanovska from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food from Skopje, underlined that alterations in the characteristics of melliferous flora as a result of the climate changes are: changes in the blooming phenophase, its shortening (explosive flowering), changes in the consistency of nectar (thickness) which complicates its availability for bees, occurrence of long periods without melliferous flora, changes in the production and size of the flowers, as well as the time of their opening. Thus, bees are facing shortage of nectar and pollen which is necessary for the development and normal functioning of the bee colonies.

Prof. Misho Hristovski from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Skopje focused the presentation on the influence of the climate changes on occurrence of bee diseases and pests. Apart from the syndrome of empty hives (Colony Collapse Disorder) which, among other factors, is a result of climate changes, the climate changes also have an impact on the more frequent occurrence of American foulbrood, varroosis which is becoming more aggressive and more resistant, the appearance of nosemosis and viral honey bee diseases. Also, climate change affect the appearance of new parasites and parasitic diseases such as: Apocephalus borealis, Aethinia tumida, Tropilaelaps clareae.

 

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